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Common Conditions

Osteoarthritis

25/09/2020

Did you know that Osteoarthritis affects about 1.1 million people in Singapore?

Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of the joints. Pain, swelling and stiffness are the primary symptoms of Arthritis. Any joint in the body may be affected by the disease but it is particularly common in the knee. Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. The most common types of arthritis are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the knee. It is a degenerative “wear and tear” type of arthritis that occurs most often in people aged 60 years old and above but may occur in younger people too. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the knee joint gradually wears away. As the cartilage wears away, it becomes frayed and rough and the protective space between the bones decreases. This can result in bone rubbing on bone and produce painful bone spurs. Osteoarthritis develops slowly and the pain it causes worsens over time.

Symptoms commonly linked to knee arthritis include crepitus (a clicking or popping of the knee joint with movement), pain that seems to be weather-related and gets worse with rain, stiffness, swelling and weakness in the knee joint that may cause it to buckle. Knee arthritis symptoms also typically worsen over time. Later stage arthritis symptoms may include visible joint deformities and stiffness that makes movement very difficult.

Physical therapy can help with the treatment for Osteoarthritis. Manual therapy will be used to move the muscles and joints to improve their motion, flexibility, and The addition of manual therapy techniques to exercise plans has been shown to decrease pain and increase function in people with knee osteoarthritis. Therapeutic modalities such as ice therapy and heat therapy to aid in pain management may also be recommended. Strengthening exercises to increase stability throughout the body, range-of-motion exercises to improve flexibility to allow for increased motion together with personalized activity recommendations will be prescribed. If in doubt, seek professional advice.