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Common Conditions

Scoliosis

28/08/2020

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine which visually shows a C- or S-shaped spine. It can affect any part of the spine, but the most common regions are at the level of the chest and the lower back. Scoliosis can appear at any age but it often presents from the age of 10 to 12 years or during the teens. Infants can sometimes have symptoms as well. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida or a birth defect, the cause of most scoliosis is idiopathic. Scoliosis ranges from 10-20 degrees (mild), 20-50 degrees (moderate), and severe (greater than 50 degrees).⁣

⁣Signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include uneven shoulders⁣, uneven waist⁣, one shoulder blade that appears more prominent and one hip higher than the other⁣. If a scoliosis curve gets worse, the spine will also twist or rotate in addition to curving side to side. This causes the ribs on one side of the body to stick out farther than on the other side.⁣

To treat patients with Scoliosis, physical therapy takes a comprehensive approach to treatment. Manual therapy techniques are utilized to assist the patient with joint and soft tissue dysfunctions along with deficient neuromuscular strength and endurance. In addition to providing postural recommendations for sitting, standing and sleeping, self-management strategies that are designed to facilitate the overall rehabilitation process will be provided. Strengthening exercises that exhibit safe and appropriate flexibility will also be prescribed by your therapist to improve tolerance for everyday and recreational activities. If in doubt, seek professional advice.